The exchange of data via the Internet in the modern world is of great importance. The importance of spatial data is recognized in all areas of state administration, local government, the scientific community and the economy.
Given the complexity of spatial data in relation to non-spatial data, as well as the need to standardize such data and establish exchange rules, the international organization Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) was established. From its inception to the present day, OGC has been the leading institution that defines international standards for the creation, exchange and use of spatial data at the global level.
OGC standards encourage the development of spatial data services and direct the entire community to the use of spatial information and web services in a variety of desktop and web applications, as well as to the development thereof.
Currently there are more than 30 defined standards within the OGC standardization, of which Web Map Service and Web Feature Service are most commonly used to share data over the Internet. In the next period, within the National Geospatial Data Infrastructure, it is planned to establish a functional system that will enable the exchange of spatial data at the state level using these standards.